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    According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a constitution is the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it.

    In this forum, when we refer to the constitution, it means that document, or the closest thing to it which may exist in a country, or a future document that may be adopted by that country.

    In the United States, the document is called the Constitution.

    To be legitimate, a constitution needs to be ratified unanimously because if anyone does not consent to be governed by the framework described in that document, there will be endless quarrels about legitimacy.

    A constitution should be the minimum set of principles, rules, limits, and rights that are needed to create a working government. This is because the constitution is a document that should be gradually adapted to future circumstances as we learn how to form better governments, which means it needs to give as much freedom as possible for people to try things and see what works. However, once something is known about what works or doesn’t work, and a super majority of people or their representatives agree, a constitutional amendment is the way to adopt a long-term change in the structure government, so that future governments don’t waiver.

    Many countries have a constitution. See the list of national constitutions in Wikipedia.

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